1 Chronicles 20 – David Captures Rabbah
V 1-3 – Rabbah was the capital city of Ammon. Though David scored a victory against Ammon in chapter 19, the Ammonites retreated to Rabbah. David decided to attack Rabbah in the spring of the year. It was during this time that David committed adultery with Bathsheba. The writer did not mention this incident here. He wanted to focus on the worship of God and the Temple. However, he did mention one of David’s sins in the next chapter.
V 4-8 – Courageous men produce courageous men. David slew Goliath. David’s warriors were inspired by their king’s example. They slew the giants of the Philistines.
Thought: Be an inspiring example of faith to others. Be inspired by the stories of great men and women of God. William Carey says, “Expect great things from God. Attempt great things for God.”
1 Chronicles 21 – David Takes a Census
V 1-17 – David wanted to take a census of the people of Israel either for tax or military purposes. It seems he was motivated by pride. Even Joab protested against such an action. The Lord was displeased with the census (v 7). As a result of his sin, 70,000 people died.
V 18-30 – The Lord told the angel to refrain from striking Jerusalem when David offered the burnt and peace offerings. God’s anger was appeased when He saw the sacrifice. Jesus is our Sacrifice. This incident is recorded as a prelude to the construction of the Temple.
Thought: David’s sin with Bathsheba was a personal sin. Whereas in this sin, Satan moved against the nation Israel. This sin affected the whole nation and her relationship with God. We may not see this as a terrible sin, but God sees it differently to the extent that judgment was sentenced against 70,000 people. We must see sin in its right perspective.
1 Chronicles 22 – Preparations for the Temple
V 1-19 – The threshing floor of Araunah became the site for the Temple. From this chapter onwards to the end of 1 Chronicles, the writer concentrates on the preparation for the construction of the Temple. David collected materials needed to construct the Temple. These materials were of the best quality that befits the Almighty God (v 5).
David emphasized obedience to the Lord to his son, Solomon (v 11-13). He also instructed his ministers to assist Solomon in the building project.
Thought: We see David’s passion and love for God in constructing the Temple. He wanted the best for God. He did everything he could to ensure the success of the project. He gave generously to the Lord. He was indeed a man after God’s own heart. The Temple was to play a very vital role in Israel. It was the centre of life in Israel. It influenced and affected every facet of life in Israel.
1 Chronicles 23 – Duties of the Levites
V 1-23 – David divided the Levites according to their families. He set up a duty schedule for them to serve in the Temple. Entire families served together. There must be family unity. Levites started serving at the age of 25 till they were 50 (Num 8:24-25).
V 24-32 – The Levites assisted the priests (v 28). They prepared the showbread and meal offerings (v 29). They offered burnt sacrifices at designated times (v 31). They generally kept charge of the Temple (v 32). More men were needed to serve in the Temple. So the age for service was lowered to 20 (v 24, 27) from 30 (v 3). Every morning and evening, songs of thanks and praise were offered to God. There were two places of worship: Temple at Jerusalem and Tabernacle at Gibeon.
Thought: God’s work in the church needs to be organized and duty rosters drawn for His servants. When duty calls, will you answer the call of duty?